بسم الله الرحمن الرحیمسلام در این تاپیک میتونید بهترین فایل های صوتی انگلیسی برای تقویت زبان دانل.ود کنید که تمام سعیم رو میکنم برای اکثر فایل ها متن بگذارم دوستان هم اگر می تونند کمک کنند تا تاپیک سودمندی رو کامل کنیم
فقط 2 نکته :
1- مفهوم و اصل حرف هایی که در فایل ها گفته میشه موردی نداشته باشه
2- تاپیک به طرف آهنگ های خارجی سوق پیدا نکنه ....
اولین فایل !
مکالمه ی بسیار زیبای یک کودک و فرد بزرگسال ....
حتما دانلود کنید...
Adult: That’s how a puppy dog sits?
Child: No. That is how Lilly sits.
Adult: M-hm. Does she sit the same way as other puppy dogs?
Adult: She doesn’t?
Child: Another puppy dog doesn’t sit like this.
Adult: Other puppy dogs don’t sit like that?
Adult: Right. I understand. I see. That’s how puppy dogs sit. That’s how they sit. They sit like that. They sit like that. That’s how puppy dogs sit. That’s how they sit. That is how they stand and that’s how they sit. That’s how they eat and that’s how they walk.
Child: That’s true and this is how they stand.
Adult: How do they run?
Child: They should run like this.
Adult: That looks like hopping. They run like that? That is how they run?
Child: They have to run like this. Like this.
Adult: That is how they ruin. That is how they run. That is how they run. I see. I see. That is how puppy dogs run.
Child: And if puppy dogs have a bed you have to sleep like this.
Adult: Sleep like that? Do they stretch out or do they curl up? Do they stretch out or curl up when they sleep? … Sometimes they curl up and sometimes they stretch out, don’t they?
Child: They curl up
Adult: They curl up? They curl up when they sleep?
Child: They curl up like this.
Adult: And they stretch out when they wake up?
Child: No. They stretch out like this
Child: Like this. And when they open their blanket they should make their head like this…like this.
Child: Like this!
Adult: Like that?
Adult: Are you a puppy dog?
Adult: Yes, I am. Are you a puppy dog? Yes, I am. I am a puppy dog. I am a puppy dog. Are you a boy puppy dog or a girl puppy dog?
Child: Girl puppy dog.
Adult: Can puppy dogs talk?
Adult: They can’t.
Adult: Can you talk?
Adult: You are a puppy dog so you cannot talk.
Adult: OK. You cannot talk. You are not talking.
I am a puppy dog and I can’t talk. (sings)
I am a puppy dog and I cant talk.
I am a puppy dog and I cannot talk.
Don’t lick me. Don’t lick me, puppy dog. Sit down and stop licking . Puppy dog! Stop licking me.
Go on. Hop down. Hop down. Come on. Hop down here. Come on puppy dog.
Puppy dogs are not allowed on the bed and puppy dogs are not allowed in the house.
Child: But I am a clean puppy dog.
Adult: Oh I see. You are a clean puppy dog.
Adult: you are a talking puppy dog
Adult: But you said “I am a clean puppy dog”… You talked. I heard you. You talked.
Child: No. I am showing you that I am a clean puppy dog. see? I already have a bath last night.
Adult: Oh you had a bath last night? OK.
Child: Yes. So I am a clean puppy dog.
Adult: A clean puppy dog. Are you a talking puppy dog? Can you talk?…Oh you cannot talk. Can you shake your head? … Can you nod your head? …
Nod your head! Shake your head.
Nod your head. Shake your head. …
I am nodding my head.
I am shaking my head.
I am nodding my head.
I am shaking my head. …
Nod shake. Nod shake. Shake nod.
Child: What about rowing?
Adult: What about what?
Child: What about rowing?
Row row row your boat…
Adult: …gently down the stream
Child: Gently down the stream.
If you see a crocodile don’t forget scream (screaming sound)
Adult: That’s right. If you see a crocodile don’t forget to scream.
Row row row your boat
gently down the stream.
If you see a crocodile
don’t forget to scream.
Child: (screaming noise)
Adult: It’s a lovely day.
Child: (wailing sound)
Adult: Its a beautiful day, isn’t it?
Adult: Yes or no?
Adult: Oh. Puppy dog! The puppy dog cannot talk.
فایل بعدی :
سخنرانی Martin Luther King
مدت زمان : 10 دقیقه . 32 ثانیه
Martin Luther King, Jr.
I Have A Dream
I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest
demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.
Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the
Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to
millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a
joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.
But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the
Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination.
One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast
ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languished in the
corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so we've come
here today to dramatize a shameful condition.
In a sense we've come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our
republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence,
they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir.
Transcription by Michael E. Eidenmuller. Copyright Status: Restricted, seek permission. ©2009 Page 2
This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be
guaranteed the "unalienable Rights" of "Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." It is
obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note, insofar as her citizens of
color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro
people a bad check, a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds."
But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there
are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, we've come to
cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security
We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of Now. This
is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of
gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise
from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the
time to lift our nation from the quicksands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood.
Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God's children.
It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering
summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn
of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixtythree
is not an end, but a beginning. And those who
hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude
awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. And there will be neither rest nor
tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt
will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.
But there is something that I must say to my people, who stand on the warm threshold which
leads into the palace of justice: In the process of gaining our rightful place, we must not be
guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the
cup of bitterness and hatred. We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of
dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical
violence. Again and again, we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with
The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a
distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence
here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. And they have
come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom.
We cannot walk alone.
And as we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead.
We cannot turn back.
There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" We
can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police
brutality. We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel,
cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be
satisfied as long as the negro's basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can
never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood
and robbed of their
dignity by signs stating: "For Whites Only." We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in
Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote.
No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until "justice rolls down like waters,
and righteousness like a mighty stream."¹
I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations.
Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. And some of you have come from areas
where your quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by
the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to
work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive. Go back to Mississippi, go back to
Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the
slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be
Let us not wallow in the valley of despair, I say to you today, my friends.
And so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a
dream deeply rooted in the American dream.
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed:
"We hold these truths to be selfevident,
that all men are created equal."
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the
sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of
injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be
judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today!
I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor
having his lips dripping with the words of "interposition" and "nullification" one
there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white
boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
I have a dream today!
I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall
be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made
straight; "and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together." 2
This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with.
With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With
this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful
symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together,
to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we
will be free one day.
And this will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with new meaning:
My country 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.
Land where my fathers died, land of the Pilgrim's pride,
From every mountainside, let freedom ring!
And if America is to be a great nation, this must become true.
And so let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.
Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York.
Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania.
Let freedom ring from the snowcapped
Rockies of Colorado.
Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California.
But not only that:
Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia.
Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee.
Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi.
From every mountainside, let freedom ring.
And when this happens, when we allow freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village
and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when
all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics,
will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual:
Free at last! Free at last!
Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!
سخنرانی استاد دانشگاه : George Carlin
مدت زمان 2 دقیقه و 57 ثانیه
متاسفانه برای این متن پیدا نکردم ...
اطلاعاتی در مورد ویروس ایدز
HIV, the AIDS virus, has the ability to change quickly, frustrating efforts to find a vaccine. However, the apparent advantage of mutation may also be a weakness.
Since HIV was discovered in 1981, scientists have been trying to kill it or render it harmless. They haven't been able to kill it so far, and the best drugs available keep the virus at low levels by hindering its replication. But it's still in the body and can hide in the brain and bone marrow.
Change for change sake
HIV mutates regularly, blocking efforts by the human immune system to stop it. Professor Louis Mansky is director of the Institute for Molecular Virology at the University of Minnesota.
University of Minnesota
Professor Louis Mansky
"HIV has this propensity for rapidly mutating and evolving. And is really in a lot of ways the main reason why there hasn't been an effective vaccine developed and why there's continual problems with drug resistance," he says.
But new findings suggest that rather than trying to prevent those mutations, they should be sped up. Researchers used two cancer drugs approved by the government - decitabine and gemcitabine – on HIV in tissue samples in the lab.
"Well, we were specifically looking for drugs that had already been approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration) for other purposes. And we were screening to look for ones that may have been overlooked in the past for anti-HIV activity," says Mansky.
The need for speed
The cancer drugs had a profound effect on HIV in the tissue samples.
"The drugs do not directly inhibit the virus from replicating. What they do is to basically cause the virus to elevate its mutation rate. And through that process, allow it to continue to replicate and basically kill off its infectivity by this process of lethal mutagenesis, which is elevating the mutation rate to the point to where the virus is no longer infectious," he says.
Simply put, HIV mutates itself to death. And it happens fairly quickly.
Mansky says the next step is animal studies. But before that can be done, the cancer drugs, which are administered intravenously, must be converted to pill form. That's how most antiretroviral drugs are now taken. And they must also be shown to not only be effective against HIV, but safe.
اخبار در مورد سرطان :
Health experts are calling for action to expand cancer care and control in the developing world. A paper published by the medical journal Lancet says cancer was once thought of mostly as a problem in the developed world. But it says cancer is now a leading cause of death and disability in poor countries.
Experts from Harvard University and other organizations urge the international community to fight cancer aggressively. They say it should be fought the way HIV/AIDS has been fought in Africa.
Cancer kills more than seven and a half million people a year worldwide. The experts say almost two-thirds are in low-income and middle-income countries.
They say cancer kills more people in developing countries than AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria combined. But they say the world spends only five percent of its cancer resources in those countries.
Felicia Knaul from the Harvard Medical School was one of the authors of the paper. She was in Mexico when she was found to have breast cancer. She received treatment there. She says the experience showed her the sharp divide between the rich and the poor in treating breast cancer.
FELICIA KNAUL: "And we are seeing more and more how this is attacking young women. It's the number two cause of death in Mexico for women thirty to fifty-four. All over the developing world, except the poorest-poorest, it's the number one cancer-related death among young women. And, I think we have to again say that there is much more we could do about it than we are doing about it."
Professor Knaul met community health workers during her work in developing countries. She says they were an important part of efforts to reduce deaths from cervical cancer. They were able to persuade women to get tested and to get vaccinated against a virus that can cause it.
The experts say cancer care does not have to be costly. For example, patients can be treated with lower-cost drugs that are off-patent. This means the drugs are no longer legally protected against being copied.
In another new report, the American Cancer Society says cancer has the highest economic cost of any cause of death. It caused an estimated nine hundred billion dollars in economic losses worldwide in two thousand eight.
That was one and a half percent of the world economy, and just losses from early death and disability. The study did not estimate direct medical costs. But it says the productivity losses are almost twenty percent higher than for the second leading cause of economic loss, heart disease.
یه مجموعه عظیم پادکست برای یادگیری زبان انگلیسی برای سطوح مختلف
AND ALL ENDS IN SILENCE
حمید جان Hotfile ف.یل.تر هست ....
Miror از این ها ندارید ؟
راستی حجم کلش چقدر هست ؟
The United States central bank is prepared to take further actions to support the economy if conditions get a lot worse. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke gave that message in a speech Friday in which he discussed possible steps.
These include buying more securities in an effort to push down longer-term interest rates and increase economic growth.
He spoke in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, where the Fed holds a yearly conference for central bankers and other international guests.
Mr. Bernanke says it is "reasonable" to expect some increase in economic growth starting next year. Stocks ended the day higher after his speech. It followed a number of reports this week that added to concerns about the slow speed of recovery from the recession.
On Friday, the Commerce Department lowered its estimate for the gross domestic product. GDP is the widest measure of the economy. It measures goods and services produced in the United States.
The latest report said the economy grew at an annual rate of one and six-tenths percent between April and June. That was less than the early estimate of two and four-tenths percent. Still, it was not as bad as many economists had predicted.
The report said the economy grew three and seven-tenths percent from January to March.
Many economists say the country needs a growth rate of at least two and a half percent just to keep unemployment from rising. The jobless rate was nine and a half percent in July.
The slowing in GDP largely resulted from a sharp increase in imports . Imports of goods and services increased almost three times as fast in the second quarter as in the first three months of the year. Exports slowed.
Earlier this week, a report said manufacturing grew less in July than economists had predicted.
Not all the reports were bad. The Labor Department said the number of first-time claims for unemployment aid fell for the first time in four weeks.
But more Americans are having trouble making monthly payments on their home loans. The Mortgage Bankers Association reported that between April and June, almost ten percent of homeowners were at least one month late.
The price of this single-family home in Southern California has been reduced to attract buyers
The price of this single-family home in Southern California has been reduced to attract buyers
Housing helped lead economic recoveries in the past. But this time the housing market not only helped create the recession. Many economists say it is also limiting the recovery.
The Commerce Department reported that sales of newly built houses dropped twelve percent between June and July. They fell to the lowest level since records began in nineteen sixty-three.
The National Association of Realtors reported that sales of existing homes fell twenty-seven percent in July. Sales of single-family homes were at their lowest level since records began fifteen years ago.
Jed Smith directs research for the association. He says the big drop in sales was largely because of the end of a federal tax credit for first-time homebuyers.
JED SMITH: "Unemployment is fairly high and people are scared. And when people are scared, or are recovering from being scared, they don't necessarily run out and buy a house right away."
بیوگرافی Jane Adams
August 27 2010, It's the 90th anniversary of the passage of the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which gave women the right to vote.
One of the unsung heroes of the suffrage movement was Jane Addams.
Throughout her life, Addams struggled not only for women's rights, but also for labor and civil rights; free speech and world peace.
In a new biography, "Jane Addams: Spirit in Action," historian Louise W. Knight provides the first complete picture we've had of this activist, philosopher and social reformer.
'Jane Addams: Spirit in Action,' by historian Louise W. Knight
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, voting was a remote dream for women in America.
Along with thousands of other progressive women, Jane Addams worked hard to turn the dream into reality.
"She first got involved in the suffrage movement in 1897, when she gave a speech for women suffrage," says Louise Knight, historian and author of "Jane Addams: Spirit in Action". "Addams attended her first meeting at the National American Women's Suffrage Association in 1906. And from then on, she became quite active."
Addams served as vice president of the association between 1911 and 1914. She traveled the country, lecturing and writing about suffrage. When the 19th amendment passed in 1920 giving women the right to vote, Addams became a member of the League of Women Voters, to help women become informed about the candidates and the issues on the ballot.
Fighting for civil liberties
Addams' fight for women's voting rights, Knight says, was part of a larger campaign she waged for civil liberties.
In her book, Knight follows Addams' struggles as a grassroots organizer. Her achievements include co-founding Hull House, the nation's first settlement house which offered educational and social opportunities for immigrants.
Jane Addams was 29 when she and two friends opened Hull House on Chicago's tough west side in 1889.
She co-founded the first national women's labor union and two major civil rights groups. She also lobbied for an eight-hour workday and an end to child labor.
What fascinates biographer Knight, is how Addams - who was born to a wealthy family - was able to connect with the working class and to fight so passionately for their rights.
"She really believed you have to really know people to understand how they look at the world and that's the only way you can be a true democratic citizen, a kind of radical idea," Knight explains. "And she did it by living in a working class neighborhood full of diversity, of cultures and languages and backgrounds and work experiences, for most of her adult life, forming friendships and partnerships with people from a completely different class than the one she was raised in."
That was one of the experiences that transformed Addams from a dreamy idealist into one of the nation's most effective and pragmatic reformers.
"It wasn't something she ever doubted that she was superior, even though she wanted to treat people socially equally, she felt morally superior" she says. "What she discovered by knowing people and living among them was that was not true, that just being highly educated or highly cultured, as her society put it, was not enough, in fact it was inadequate, that what real culture was she saw among her neighbors who were immigrants, who had lived in one world and now moved to another world. She saw broader tolerance among the working people, a generosity of spirit she didn't see among her own class. And that's what changed her view of the world."
Addams was a committed pacifist, and an outspoken opponent of war as an affront to the sanctity of of life. Knight says Addams worked with other women to bring an end to World War I.
Jane Addams (right) was the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
"Women from both sides of the war met in Hague in 1915 while the war was underway, showing courage, and they were saying to themselves there must be something we can try to do to stop the war," she says. "They did try, of course, they did not succeed."
But after the war, women met again. They renamed the organization the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. The international group is still based in Geneva and has offices around the world.
Addams' commitment to the needs of others and her international efforts for peace were recognized in 1931 when she became the first American woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.
If she were alive today, Knight says, Addams would urge women around the world to come together and organize themselves as a force for peace.
"Addams did not define peace as the absence of war, she defined it as, 'the unfolding of worldwide processes making for the nurture of human life,'" knight says. "What she really meant by that was that it was a mistake to see some people as inferior based on their gender, based on their ethnicity or their race or their class. So she thought you can advance peace through addressing those issues as well as addressing the issues of war."